e) Institutional changes introduced by the Treaty
Differently from the existing Treaties, the Treaty of Lisbon offers the opportunity to keep one Commissioner from each Member State in the Commission.
The European Parliament has no more than 751 members. The delegate numbers for each country have been fixed to a maximum of 96 and a minimum of 6 for each Member State.
A new permanent post, the President of the European Council, is created. He or she is appointed by the European Council for a two and a half year period. This provides greater continuity and stability to the work of the European Council.
It creates a High Representative of the Union for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy. He or she also holds the post of Vice-President of the Commission, and chairs the External Relations Council. This strengthens coherence in external action and raises the EU’s profile in the world, “putting a face” on the Union.
THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE MINISTRY OF JUSTICE, TRANSPARENCY AND HUMAN RIGHTS