The Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights was initially established as the State Justice Secretariat in April 1833.
It is entrusted with the management of judicial function, which is one of the three State functions. The Minister of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights supervises the administration of justice, namely organisational issues of the courts and infrastructure as well as economic and administrative support and guarantees the personal and operational independence of judges in accordance with the Constitutional requirements.
At the same time, the Ministry is charged with the development of legislative initiative in basic justice sectors, in which is included the harmonization of internal law with the rules of international law. Additionally, this initiative includes development of institutional actions that widens and strengthens individual rights and freedoms and empowers the function of the democratic institutions in general.
The Land Registries and Real Estate Offices are also under the Ministry's supervision, as well as all the associations of employees in the justice sector.
Furthermore, the Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights is entrusted with the planning and application of the general national correctional policy.
The Presidential Decree 36/2000 (Official Government Gazette 29/17.2.2000), as amended by the Presidential Decrees 189/2004 (Official Government Gazette 167 A΄/2004), 121/2005 (Official Government Gazette 177 A΄/2005), 79/2006 (Official Government Gazette 81 A΄/2006), 94/2010 (Official Gazette 169 A΄/2010) and 40/2011 (Official Gazette 105 A΄/2011), Joint Ministerial Decision 48036/2013 (Official Government Gazette 2039 Β΄/2013), determines the state policy of the Ministry of Justice, Transparency and Human Rights, as well as the organisation, the responsibilities and the staffing of its services.”